How to be understood over the phone with the NATO phonetic alphabet

It doesn’t matter how well we speak a language (it can even be our native language) we can still have trouble exchanging information, like email addresses, over the phone. English speakers face notorious difficulties when differentiating between N and M because these consonant sounds are so similar. When faced with this problem, we usually refer to common names to help us better explain ourselves. It might sound something like this “N as in Nancy” or “M as in Mary.”

If English isn’t your first language, it might not be easy for you to quickly think of a common word or name to clarify a letter but, have no fear, there is a universal phonetic alphabet you can learn to avoid ever having to face the agonizing silence of drawing a blank when having to describe “C as in ______” or “Z as in _______”

Fortunately, the NATO phonetic alphabet was created with international communication in mind. It is comprised of twenty-six words to help clarify letters when spelling over telecom or, more likely, telephone. The alphabet was originally created by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) in 1927 and was later implemented by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The maritime and aviation industries can face dire and dangerous consequences if information exchanged via telecom is misunderstood, so the NATO phonetic alphabet was created to ensure that words can be spelled and understood correctly.

So, we are confident that it can also be a great tool in helping you give your email address to a client over the phone.

We Hotel, Oscar, Papa, Echo you enjoy this post!


A Alpha ˈælfɑ
B Bravo ˈbrɑːˈvo
C Charlie ˈtʃɑːli
D Delta ˈdeltɑ
E Echo ˈeko
F Foxtrot ˈfɔkstrɔt
G Golf ɡʌlf
H Hotel hoːˈtel
I India ˈindiˑɑ
J Juliet ˈdʒuːliˑˈet
K Kilo ˈkiːlo
L Lima ˈliːmɑ
M Mike mɑik
N November noˈvembə
O Oscar ˈɔskɑ
P Papa pəˈpɑ
Q Quebec keˈbek
R Romeo ˈroːmiˑo
S Sierra siˈerɑ
T Tango ˈtænɡo
U Uniform ˈjuːnifɔːm
V Victor ˈviktɑ
W Whiskey ˈwiski
X X-ray ˈeksˈrei
Y Yankee ˈjænki
Z Zulu ˈzuːluː



Learn English with the News – Climate Could Present Danger to Athletes at Tokyo Olympics

The Olympics are always a monumental moment for sports, for the global community and for anyone involved. This year, however, proves to have quite a few challenges, such as the more recent COVID-19 pandemic and but also the less recent problem we’ve been facing of global climate change. Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises !!

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article.

Now that you’ve had a listen, let’s put your knowledge to the test with some of our vocabulary and comprehension exercises:

Climate Could Present Danger to Athletes at Tokyo Olympics || Definition Match

Put the following words to the correct definitions.

Climate Could Present Danger to Athletes at Tokyo Olympics || Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the proper words.

Climate Could Present Danger to Athletes at Tokyo Olympics || True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.


Full Text:

Intense heat and high humidity could pose a serious risk to athletes at this year’s Tokyo Olympics, according to a new report. The report found that the average annual temperature in Tokyo “has increased by 2.86 degrees Celsius since 1900, more than three times as fast as the world’s average.”

The Olympics are due to run from July 23 to August 8, when Japan usually experiences its highest annual temperatures. When Tokyo last hosted the Olympics in 1964, it did so in the cooler month of October.

Some events at the upcoming Summer Games have already been moved away from Tokyo amid heat concerns, including the marathon, which will take place nearly 500 miles north of the Japanese Capitol in Sapporo where temperatures are expected to be much cooler.

The study details how events such as the triathlon, the marathon, tennis and rowing could be adversely impacted by hot conditions. It also provides advice to athletes on how to cope with competing in the heat, as well as warning how the climate crisis could derail sporting events in the future.

Hot and/or humid environments can represent a risk to the performance and health of spectators, officials and athletes, whether by sunburn or cognitive impairment, heat exhaustion or collapse from heat stroke.

Organizers have previously published an overview of plans to minimize the risk of heat on all participants at the Tokyo Olympics. This includes preparing venues so that individuals remain as cool and hydrated as possible, providing accurate weather forecasts, and supplying information on how to mitigate heat risks as well as treating any resulting symptoms.


Need – English Grammar Exercise

It’s time for another exercise based on one of the most important verbs in the English language, “need”! This verb is essential if you want to express how you feel, what you must do, or simply what you want in life.

Today at Scrambled Eggs Milano we’ve prepared a fill-in-the-blank English exercise for all you English language learners out there! This one is an English grammar exercise where you need to find the right verb to express the idea of “need.”

Do you think you are ready! Why don’t we give it a try?

Need + Verb | Fill in the Blank

Fill in the empty spaces with the right verb to express the idea of “need.”

How did you do? If you aren’t satisfied, why don’t you try the exercise again? After all, practice is the best way to learn English! If you didn’t do well, I think you need to study more! But don’t worry, you need to keep calm, because Rome wasn’t built in a day! You need to continue studying, and Scrambled Eggs is here for you!

If you think you still have a little bit of energy left in you to do another exercise, how about another one we have on our English language blog about the verb “need”? Check out the link here, and be sure to leave a comment with your results and any question you might have!

Welcome to Scrambled Eggs, an English school in Milan that aims to help you improve your English in a fun, accessible and easy way. Check out all the English language exercises we’ve compiled in our database over the years, which are broken down into various types of exercise and also split into levels.

Whether you’re taking an English course here in Milan or you simply want to boost your language skills with loads of online English language exercises, Scrambled Eggs is here for you! Check out our vast collection which includes hundreds of exercises for all levels, and if you think there are some exercises, topics or videos we should add more of, be sure to send an email our way at