Learn English with the News – The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer

Science and food do not have to be mutually exclusive: cancer researchers in Japan have been working with software developers to adapt an innovative computer program that can identify hundreds of different types of pastries at the cash register into a program that can detect cancer cells under a microscope lens.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article. 

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Fill in the Blank

Fill in the blank with the correct preposition.

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Synonyms Match

Match the words with their synonyms.

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | True or False

Decide if the statement is true or false.

 

Full text:

“A software company called Brain has been working with a cancer research center in Kyoto, Japan to adapt software they created for the Japanese bakeries into a program that can detect cancer cells under a microscope lens.

Brain’s software, BakeryScan, was created in 2007 and has since been improved to allow Japan’s bakeries to easily identify different types of pastries at the cash register.

The pastry industry needed this complex software because of Japan’s very diverse food tastes. The country’s long trade history led to its desire for a variety of flavors. For this reason, unlike French or Italian bakeries that offer only a few options, Japanese bakeries offer pastries of all sizes, shapes, flavors, and colors. There are hundreds of different types of pastries in these unique bakeries.

The many different types of pastries caused cashiers to spend months learning the price of each individual pastry based on sight alone. This meant that the checkout process was not only very difficult for cashiers, but also caused long wait times for customers.

Brain, which was founded by computer programmer and software designer Hisashi Kambe, had always worked on projects based on computer visualization capabilities and so to combat this problem at the cash register they created BakeryScan.

BakeryScan is unique because, unlike deep learning software like Google Translate, Siri, and almost every AI system out there, it doesn’t need large amounts of specialized data to make decisions; it is created to understand irregularities like the shadow cast into the middle of a donut hole or the slightly darker color of over-baked bread without needing the input of tens of thousands of similar images.

When a doctor at the Louis Pasteur Center for Medical Research, in Kyoto, saw a television segment about the machine, he realized that cancer cells, under a microscope, looked a lot like bread. He contacted Hisashi Kambe’s company Brain to see how they could collaborate to develop a version of the program that could help pathologists detect cancer cells.

The program they came up with, Cyto-Aiscan, is currently being tested in two major hospitals in Kobe and Kyoto. It is capable of “whole-slide” analysis, meaning that it can analyze an entire microscope slide and identify the cells that might be cancerous. The software considers the color tone of the nucleus, its size and texture, and its overall roundness and can lead to earlier diagnoses by speeding up the process, ultimately allowing for more effective treatments for cancer patients.”

Although, even though, in spite of and despite – English Grammar Exercise

Althougheven thoughin spite of and despite are all used to connect two different concepts or can even be used similarly to ‘nevertheless’, in that one of the ideas makes the other a surprising outcome. They can all be placed at any stage of a sentence.

E.g. Even though I slept for 10 hours, I’m still tired.

I’m still tired, even though I slept for 10 hours.

 The biggest difference between all of these words/phrases is that they are used with alternate sentence structures.

Although/Even Though

After although and even though, we use a subject and then a verb. They have the same meaning, but even though is stronger than although.

For example:

We liked the restaurant, although the service could have been better.
Although I use the car every day, I don’t actually like driving.
Even though they spoke different languages, they somehow communicated effectively.
She got a job in marketing even though she didn’t have any experience.

 

In Spite of/Despite

After in spite of and despite, we use a noun, gerund verb (-ing) or a pronoun.

For example:

He still jumped out of a plane for charity, in spite of his fear.
In spite of their age, my grandparents want to travel the world.
Despite having bad reviews, the movie was excellent.

We arrived late to the airport despite leaving on time.

 It is also very common to put the fact that after both despite and in spite of, followed by a subject and verb.

For example:

In spite of the fact that she always works overtime, she didn’t get the promotion.
Despite the fact that she always works overtime, she didn’t get the promotion.

 

Though

Though is slightly more complicated than the rest, as it is more flexible.

Firstly, it can be used in the same way as although.

For example:

Though I didn’t think I liked classical music, the opera was beautiful.

Although I didn’t think I liked classical music, the opera was beautiful.

However, it is also very common for though to be used at the end of the second sentence. This is a popular way for English speakers to express a contrasting idea or concept. Placing though at the end of the sentence is only used in spoken English and should not be used in formal writing.

For example:

The train arrived late as always. The carriages were extremely clean, though.

I didn’t study for the test at all. I still passed, though!

 

So now you’ve read the rules and seen some examples, do you think you can pass our quiz? Find out now!

 

Although, even though, in spite of and despite | Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the correct words/phrases

3rd Conditional – English Grammar Exercise

The third conditional is used when describing something that never happened, and then imagining the outcome of that situation.

The structure is: if + past perfect, would have + past participle

For example: “If she had studied, she would have passed the exam” (but she didn’t study, and therefore didn’t pass the exam).

The first action (If she had studied) did not happen. But if it had happened, the consequence would be that she would have passed the exam.

The 3rd conditional is relatively similar to the 2nd. However, the 2nd conditional describes something unrealistic or impossible in the present or future, the 3rd conditional refers to something that didn’t happen in the past.

For example:

“She wouldn’t have been tired if she had gone to bed earlier” (but she went to bed late, so she’s tired).

“If you hadn’t been late, we wouldn’t have missed the flight” (but you were late, so we missed the flight).

So now you’ve seen a few examples, why not test your knowledge with our quiz!

3rd Conditional exercise

Rewrite the sentences using the 3rd conditional

What do you think about the 3rd conditional? Do you find it easy or hard? Let us know what you think in the comments, and make sure to check out our other blog posts and English exercises!