Learn English with the News – Lifestyle changes could prevent or delay 40% of dementia cases.

Recent studies have shown that the crippling disease of dementia can actually be prevented if we avoid harmful lifestyles throughout our lives, most specifically towards middle age and elderly periods of our life.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored. 

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article.

Now that you’ve had a listen, let’s put your knowledge to the test with some of our vocabulary and comprehension exercises:

Lifestyle changes could delay or prevent 40% of dementia cases | Definition Match

Put the following words to the correct definitions.

Lifestyle changes could delay or prevent 40% of dementia cases | Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the proper words.

Lifestyle changes could delay or prevent 40% of dementia cases | True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.

And that’s it for today’s English lesson, where you can improve your English with the news and current events. Do you have any comments or special requests for us for the next edition of Learn English with the News? Be sure to leave any feedback you have in the comments section below, as we would love to help you on your quest to learn the English language!

For other Learn English with the News segments, be sure to check out the rest of our posts:

https://scrambledeggsinglese.it/tag/learn-english-with-the-news/

Full Text

“Excessive drinking, exposure to air pollution and head injuries all increase dementia risk, experts say in a report revealing that up to 40% of dementia cases worldwide could be delayed or prevented by addressing 12 such lifestyle factors. Around 50 million people around the world live with dementia, including about 850,000 people in the UK. By 2040, it has been estimated there will be more than 1.2 million people living with dementia in England and Wales. There is currently no cure. However, while some risk factors for dementia cannot be changed, for example particular genes or ethnicity, many are down to lifestyle. Lifestyle changes could reduce the chances of developing dementia in both those with and without a high genetic risk for such conditions. The report from the Lancet Commission on dementia prevention, intervention and care builds on previous work revealing that about a third of dementia cases could be prevented by addressing nine lifestyle factors, including midlife hearing loss, depression, less childhood education and smoking. The research weighs up the latest evidence, largely from high-income countries, supporting the addition of a further three risk factors to the list. It suggests that 1% of dementia cases worldwide are attributable to excessive mid-life alcohol intake, 3% to mid-life head injuries and 2% a result of exposure to air pollution in older age – although they caution that the latter could be an underestimate. While some actions can be taken on a personal level to tackle such issues, many require government-led change. The report includes a list of nine recommendations, including improving air quality, and urges policymakers to be ambitious about prevention. Gill Livingston, a co-author of the report, praised Boris Johnson’s campaign to tackle the nation’s waistlines and reduce Covid-19 deaths, as obesity and lack of exercise are among the risk factors for dementia. While Livingston said the 40% figure was optimistic as the 12 risk factors are unlikely to be completely addressed, small steps could make a difference. Research has suggested that the incidence of dementia in Europe and North America has fallen by around 15% per decade for the past 30 years – likely because of lifestyle changes such as a reduction in smoking – even though the numbers of people with dementia are rising as people live longer. The impact of lifestyle interventions, the team add, is likely to be greatest among the most deprived individuals and in low- and middle-income countries.”

13 Essential Phrasal Verbs to Boost your Vocabulary!

Phrasal verbs can be a difficult topic. So many different combinations and meanings can be hard to remember! Don’t worry though, with time it will become second nature to use them in conversation. This blog post, inspired by our ‘App Tank’ lesson, will give you a hand (help you) with some of the most important ones.

If you’d like to find out (discover, learn) more about this topic, read on to see some example sentences and jot down (write down) some notes. You may have come across (found, encountered) some of these phrasal verbs before, but it’s important to use them well if you want to stand out (appear different) as an exceptional English speaker!

Look into: research more

I don’t know enough about the topic, I need to look into it more

Keep track: follow, show interest

Even though I live in Italy, I keep track of the news from the UK.

Turn into: become

Since he started exercising more, he has turned into a much healthier and happier person.

Come up with: invent, create

Sometimes it’s difficult to come up with original ideas!

Sneak away: escape, leave

I don’t want to go to the meeting today. Maybe I can sneak away from the office after lunch!

Let somebody know: Inform a person

I should let my manager know that I saw my colleague taking things from the office, but I don’t want to cause a problem!

Carry out: Finish an activity

The building work was carried out by a local company

Deal with: Take action with

Tomorrow I will call the broadband company and ask them to deal with the problem with our internet connection.

Try our latest phrasal verb quiz below, dealing with the following verbs:

  • Give a hand: help someone
  • Look into: research more
  • Keep track: follow, show interest
  • Turn into: become
  • Come up with: invent, create
  • Come across: find or encounter
  • Sneak away: escape, leave
  • Stand out: appear different
  • Find out: discover, learn
  • Jot down: write down
  • Let somebody know: Inform a person
  • Carry out: Finish an activity
  • Deal with: Take action with

13 Essential Phrasal Verbs

Choose the right phrasal verb

 

How did you do? If you need help, jot down a comment to let us know and we’ll give you a hand! Well done on practicing your English!

 

 

 

5 British Summertime Traditions – English Language Reading Comprehension

As you know, the weather in the UK is not as good as in Italy. We usually don’t have nice sunny weather for even 2 weeks, never mind a whole summer! But regardless of that, summer still exists in the UK and we have some time-honoured traditions that we like to keep to during the warmer months. Here are 5 of the best ones…

Festivals

Britain is famous for its summer festival season. It’s a rite of passage for every teenager to attend their first festival with their friends. The most famous are Glastonbury and the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. The classic British music festival is a wonderful event. Picture thousands of small tents crammed together in fields stretching for miles and then huge stages where the most famous bands in the world come to play. It usually rains too at some point during the weekend which makes the experience uniquely British. Lots of fun but probably not a lot of sun!

Barbeques

As soon as a ray of sun shines through the clouds in the UK, people are on the phone to their friends inviting them for a good old barbeque! It doesn’t matter what kind of barbeque you have; from a top of the range £1000 grilling machine to a disposable one from the supermarket, everyone loves getting together to grill some meat, have a few drinks, playing some music and having a good time.

Street Parties

This is a funny one because I have never attended one, but apparently they are a tradition! Everyone can imagine the typical British summer scene with a huge long table in the street, families from all across the neighbourhood joining in to eat and drink together, and bunting with UK flags strung up across the street lights. Maybe it was more common in the past, but it is still a charming image.

A trip to the seaside

The UK is an island and we have a lot of coastline to enjoy. Before cheap package holidays and international travel became common, people used to flock to Britain’s many seaside towns for holidays. The most famous of these was Blackpool, with its amazing pleasure beach, complete with rollercoasters and arcades. Aside from that, Britain has many beautiful places to visit: from the charming coasts of North Wales to the simply stunning Cornish peninsula. The UK seaside is a great place to spend time, even if the weather isn’t good, and you can enjoy great ice cream, fish and chips and breath-taking views from these spots.

Complaining about the weather

Now this is a true British summer tradition! All year round people in the UK love to talk about the weather. It’s a classic conversation starter and a guaranteed topic of interest for any British person. After all, our climate is pretty strange. Anyway, as soon as summer comes around, and there is no sun to be seen, us Brits start complaining! Of course, it’s not fair that we only have a few days of sun while pretty much the rest of the world gets lots of sun. But then… when the sun finally arrives, we still can’t stop complaining!!! “It’s a bit too hot now isn’t it?” we tell each other from the minute the good weather arrives. Classic UK, classic summer tradition.

 

Thanks for reading! Please try the quizzes below to check your understanding of the article and the words in bold

British Summer Traditions | Definitions Quiz

Match the words to the correct definitions

British Summer Traditions | True or False

Decide if the statement is true or false