London Day Trips | Reading Comprehension

Summer is here! If you’re visiting London for a long weekend this summer, here are some quaint nearby towns that you can visit in a day. Not only is a daytrip a great way to beat the hustle and bustle of the city, you will also get the opportunity to see a different side to British life.

With this in mind, we at Scrambled Eggs Scuola di Inglese, Milano have put together a list of 5 towns close to London that you can reach by train in less than an hour and a half. Read on to find out how to enjoy some fresh air and escape the city traffic.

 

First up, we have Brighton.

Extremely popular among Brits, Brighton is the place to be. When you arrive, head straight to Brighton’s pebbled beach and have some traditional fish chips – just watch out for those seagulls. Then, relive your childhood days by visiting the funfair and arcade, which are both situated on Brighton’s famous pier. Those who love to shop need to visit The Lanes Brighton where you will find numerous independent shops and boutiques. Brighton is also the LGBTQ capital of the UK and has many amazing live music venues!

By train: 1 hour 16 minutes from St. Pancras International

 

Next up, Windsor.

Crazy about the Royal family? Everyone visits Buckingham Palace and the Tower of London, but there’s also Windsor Castle! A royal residence built in the 11th century after the Norman invasion of England, it has been the home of British kings and queens for almost 1,000 years. While you’re there, check out Windsor’s great park which spans 4,800 acres. After a morning of sightseeing, a great place to spend your afternoon is at Windsor and Eton brewery. Here you can learn how beer is made and try some local beers.

By train: 52 minutes from Vauxhall

 

Another great option is Whitstable.

A picture-perfect, seaside town, Whitstable is definitely worth a visit, especially if you love cycling! With a sea front stretching 5 miles, Whitstable is the perfect place to rent a bike and go on a tranquil bike ride along the coast. For lunch, you must have oysters. Whitstable is famous for its native oysters, which have been collected since Roman times, and are available all year round. Spend your evening relaxing on the beach and enjoying the beautiful sun set.

By train: 1 hour 14 minutes from St. Pancras International

 

Next on the list is Rye.

Once an important fishing town, Rye is now home to art museums, antique shops and cosy pubs. Rye is a city rich in history and is best explored by going on a walking tour down its higgledy-piggledy cobbled streets. Key places to visit are Rye Castle, the Citadel and St. Mary’s church. A short bus journey away is Camber Sands, East Sussex’s only sand dune. Here you can stroll along the beach’s golden sands or try out some water sports.

By train: 1 hour 9 minutes from St. Pancras International with a change at Ashford

 

Last on the list is St. Albans.

Named after the first British saint, Alban, St. Albans is a city steeped in history. Its Medieval roots are evident today, and there are even some remains from the Roman era. History aside, St. Albans is known for its pubs! Claiming to have the greatest number of pubs per square mile, and the oldest pub in England, ‘Ye Olde Fighting Cocks,’ it’s a great place to go on a bar crawl. St. Albans is also popular for its markets, where you can buy local homemade produce and products!

By train: 20 minutes from St. Pancras International

 

Quiz: London Day Trips

Now that you have finished reading the article, test your knowledge of the words in bold by trying this definitions quiz!

 

There are many more towns just outside London that are worth visiting. Let us know in the comments below which of the places listed you would like to visit the most.

Safe travels!

Plastic pollution will weigh 1.3 billion tonnes by 2040 | Reading Comprehension

An estimated 1.3 billion tonnes of plastic is destined for our environment – both on land and in the ocean – by 2040, unless worldwide action is taken. That’s according to a global model of the scale of the plastic problem over the next 20 years.

Dr Costas Velis from the University of Leeds said the number was “staggering” but that we had “the technology and the opportunity to stem the tide“. The report is published in the journal Science.

“This is the first comprehensive assessment of what the picture could be in 20 years’ time,” Dr Velis explained. “It’s difficult to picture an amount that large, but if you could imagine laying out all that plastic across a flat surface, it would cover the area of the UK 1.5 times.

“It’s complex [to calculate] because plastic is everywhere and, in every part of the world, it’s different in terms of how it’s used and dealt with.”

To turn this complex problem into numbers, the researchers tracked the production, use and disposal of plastic around the world. The team then created a model to forecast future plastic pollution. What they called a “business as usual” scenario – based on the current trend of increasing plastic production and no significant change in the amount of reuse and recycling – produced the 1.3 billion tonne estimate.

By adjusting their model, the researchers were able to project how much different interventions would affect that number; they tweaked their model to increase recycling, reduce production and replace plastic with other available materials.

Winnie Lau from the US-based Pew Charitable Trusts, which funded the research, told BBC News that it was vital to put in place every possible solution. “If we do that,” she said, “we can reduce the amount of plastic that goes into the ocean – by 2040 – by 80%.”

Steps the researchers called for included:

  • reducing growth in plastic production and consumption
  • substituting plastic with paper and compostable materials
  • designing products and packaging for recycling
  • expanding waste collection rates in middle/low-income countries and supporting the “informal collection” sector
  • building facilities to dispose of the 23% of plastic that cannot be recycled economically, as a transitional measure
  • reduce plastic waste exports

But even if “all feasible action” was taken, Dr Velis explained, the model showed there would be 710 million extra tonnes of plastic waste in the environment in the next two decades.

There is no “silver bullet solution”, for the plastic problem. But an often overlooked issue that this study highlighted was the fact that an estimated 2 billion people in the Global South have no access to proper waste management. “They have to just get rid of all their rubbish, so they have no choice but to burn or dump it,” said Dr Velis.

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Also, despite playing a major role in reducing global plastic waste, the roughly 11 million waste pickers – people who collect and sell reusable materials in low-income countries – often don’t have basic employment rights and safe working conditions.

Dr Velis said: “Waste pickers are the unsung heroes of recycling – without them the mass of plastic entering the aquatic environment would be considerably greater.” He added that policies to support them and make their work safer were a vital part of solving this problem.

Dr Ian Kane, from the University of Manchester, who was recently part of a team that calculated the amount of micro-plastic in the seabed, described the picture the researchers had painted as “horrifying”.

“The authors are clear that there are large uncertainties in the data and analysis but regardless of the exact figures, the increasing rate of plastic production to meet increasing global demand has pretty dire consequences for the environment,” he told BBC News.

Prof Jamie Woodward, also from the University of Manchester, pointed out the irony in this scenario being laid out during the pandemic.

“Plastic has kept many frontline workers safe through this,” he said. “But PPE waste over the next decade could be horrendous.

“There are parallels with the climate change problem in that business as usual will be disastrous. We need to radically change our behaviour.”

 

 

Thanks for reading! Now try the quizzes below to test your knowledge of the words in bold and the article.

Plastic Pollution | Definitions Quiz

Match the words to the correct definitions

Plastic Pollution | True or False Quiz

Choose if the statement is true or false

Adapted from https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-53521001

Learn English with the News – Super-rich call for higher taxes on wealthy to pay for Covid-19 recovery

With Coronavirus creating massive unemployment and economic uncertainty for the future, some of the world’s richest people are asking governments to increase taxes on the 1% to help those in need.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored. Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information. This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article.

Now that you’ve had a listen, let’s put your knowledge to the test with some of our vocabulary and comprehension exercises:

 

Super-rich call for higher taxes on wealthy to pay for Covid-19 recovery | Definition Match

Put the following words to the correct definitions.

Super-rich call for higher taxes on wealthy to pay for Covid-19 recovery | Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the proper words.

Super-rich call for higher taxes on wealthy to pay for Covid-19 recovery | True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.

 

And that’s it for today’s English lesson, where you can improve your English with the news and current events. Do you have any comments or special requests for us for the next edition of Learn English with the News? Be sure to leave any feedback you have in the comments section below, as we would love to help you on your quest to learn the English language!

For other Learn English with the News segments, be sure to check out the rest of our posts:

https://scrambledeggsinglese.it/tag/learn-english-with-the-news/

Full Text:

“A group of 83 of the world’s richest people have called on governments to permanently increase taxes on them and other members of the wealthy elite to help pay for the economic recovery from the Covid-19 crisis. The super-rich members, including Ben and Jerry’s ice cream co-founder Jerry Greenfield and Disney heir Abigail Disney, called on governments to raise taxes on people like them immediately, substantially, and permanently. The group warned that the economic impact of the coronavirus crisis will “last for decades” and could “push half a billion more people into poverty”. Among those adding their names to the letter are Sir Stephen Tindall, the founder of the Warehouse Group and New Zealand’s second richest man with a $475m fortune; the British screenwriter and director Richard Curtis; and the Irish venture capitalist John O’Farrell, who made millions investing in Silicon Valley tech companies. The group released the letter ahead of this weekend’s G20 finance ministers and central bank governors meeting. They called on politicians to “address global inequality and acknowledge that tax increases on the wealthy and greater international tax transparency are essential for a viable long-term solution”. The number of super-rich people continues to grow despite the economic impact of the coronavirus crisis and global lockdowns. Jeff Bezos, the world’s richest person and the founder of Amazon, has seen his fortune swell by $75bn so far this year to a record $189bn. There are more than 500,000 people in the world classed as “ultra-wealthy” with fortunes of more than $30m. That means there are more ultra-wealthy people around the world than the populations of Iceland, Malta or Belize. There have been repeated calls for the super-rich to contribute more following the Covid-19 crisis. Critics have pointed out that while Bezos has donated $100m, it represents less than 0.1% of his estimated fortune.”