English Exercise – Passive Voice

The passive voice is used very frequently in English, as it is used when the subject is unknown or doesn’t need to be mentioned. In fact, that last sentence was in the passive voice!

To form the passive voice, we put the verb to be into the tense needed, then we add the past participle.

 

For example:

Active voiceI made dinner tonight

Passive voiceDinner was made tonight

 

Active voiceI write an essay every week

Passive voiceEvery week, an essay is written

 

Active voiceHe will commit a crime

Passive voiceA crime will be committed

 

We also use the passive voice if we want to give the focus of the sentence to another subject. For example, if we say: The album was recorded by Oasis in 1999. This means that we are more interested in the album than the band.

Something which helps with IELTS Writing Task 1 could be the fact that we use the passive voice when describing a process.

E.g. The flour is poured into a bowl, then the sugar is added and mixed together.

 

Passive Voice

Make these sentences passive voice:

 

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To Be Verb – English Grammar Exercise

To BE is a very important verb!

A verb is an action word like eat, drink, run or jump.

We change the BE verb like this:

 

Now let’s try using it!

To BE verb exercise

Complete the sentences with the correct for of the verb to be.

To BE verb | Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the correct form of the verb to be.

 

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Permission – allowed, permitted, supposed to

Instead of using basic modal verbs like can, could, must & should to express permission, why not take your English vocabulary up a level with some of these more advanced words?

Allowed to

 We use this in place of ‘can/could’ when expressing permission – but NOT possibility.

Structure: Subject + to be + allowed to + infinitive

E.g.

We are (not) allowed to sit at this table.
Are we allowed to sit at this table?
We were(n’t) allowed to sit at that table.
We will (not) be allowed to sit at that table.

Permitted to

In a more official/formal situation, we can use permitted to. This is usually used with laws/rules to express permission and prohibition.

Structure: it + be (not) permitted to + infinitive

E.g.

It is not permitted to bring liquids onto the aeroplane
It is permitted to photograph the paintings without flash

OR

Structure: noun + be (not) + permitted

E.g.

Barbecues are not permitted on the beach
Trucks are not permitted to drive through this area

OR

Structure: gerund verb + be (not) + permitted

E.g.

Bringing liquids onto the aeroplane is not permitted
Photographing the paintings with flash is permitted

Supposed to/Meant to

 Instead of using ‘should’, we can say either of these phrases in order to express either obligation or permission.

Structure: be (not) supposed to/meant to + infinitive

E.g.

We’re not supposed to be out after 10pm!
She’s not meant to eat 24 hours before the surgery, but she’s hungry.
I’m supposed to start the meeting at 3pm, but I think we can start early.
No-one is meant to be in the office this weekend, why are you here?

Permission exercise

Rewrite these sentences to make them correct.