“By the time…” | Future perfect

Talking about the future can be a difficult task, even for the most advanced speakers especially when you add special phrases to the mix. In this blog, we are going to be talking about the phrase by the time and how we can use it with the future perfect verb tense.


Wait… What is the future perfect?

Great question! The future perfect is used to talk about something that will be completed before a specific time in the future.

Will/won’t have + past participle

I will have finished this book.

He will have arrived.

It will have stopped raining.

We will have met her.


In these examples, the events (arriving, raining) will be completed.


Now, let’s look at a common phrase we can use to compliment the future perfect: by the time. We use this phrase to give a time period in which the action will be completed. For example:


By the time my mom gets home, I will have finished this book.

He will have arrived by the time I get on the train.

By the time she finishes her homework, it will have stopped raining.

We will have met her by the time you get here.


Here is a little quiz you can do to test your knowledge, good luck!

Future perfect | QUIZ

Choose the correct option.


Great work! You should be proud of yourself. By the time you finish this blog, you will be much more knowledgeable about the future perfect.

Thank you for completing this blog, if you have any questions feel free to leave us a comment!

Mixed conditionals – Present result of a past condition

You know about the zero, first, second and third conditionals, great! But did you know there is something called a mixed conditional? A mixed conditional is when we have two parts of a conditional sentence referring to different times.

In this blog, we will look at the first type of mixed conditional sentences: A present result of a past action.

In this type, the ‘if’ clause is in the past perfect, and the main clause is in the present conditional form (would). Let’s look at some examples.


If + past perfect AND present conditional

If this HAD happened, that thing WOULD happen.

Remember, you can reverse the order of the clauses, as with all conditionals.


Here are some examples:

If I hadn’t missed my bus, I would be at school by now.

I would own my own home if I had saved more money.

If I had bought Apple stocks in the 90s, I would be rich now!

I wouldn’t be so tired if I had slept longer.

Let’s look at this quiz!

Mixed conditionals | QUIZ

Choose the correct sentences.


We hope you did well on the quiz. With more practice anything will be possible! You are an amazing student and you should be proud of yourself. If I had a dollar for every student such as yourself, I would be rich! Let us know if you have any questions in the comments below.

Learn English With The News – Extinction Rebellion Activists Exonerated by Jury over Train Protest

Climate change is devastating cities and countries all over the world. The Extinction Rebellion has something to say about it on this week’s video. Several protestors were arrested for causing major delays on London’s metro system.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article

Extinction Rebellion | Definition Match

Put the following words to the correct definitions.

Extinction Rebellion | Fill In The Blank

Fill out the text below with the correct answers.

Extinction Rebellion | True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.


And that’s it for today’s English lesson, where you can improve your English with the news and current events. Do you have any comments or special requests for us for the next edition of Learn English with the News? Be sure to leave any feedback you have in the comments section below. We would love to help you on your quest to learn the English language!


Full text:

Three Extinction Rebellion activists have been cleared over a stunt which caused a 77-minute delay to a central London train.
Reverend Sue Parfitt, Father Martin Newell, and former university lecturer Philip Kingston, were unanimously acquitted by a jury at Inner London Crown Court of obstructing the railway following their protest at Shadwell Station in 2019. Kingston super-glued his hand to a Docklands Light Railway train while Parfitt and Newell climbed on the roof and said prayers for the planet.
The trio said they were strongly motivated by their Christian faith, while Kingston said the futures of his four grandchildren also prompted him to take part in the protest. What they said was an attempt to appeal to the public and the government about the dangers of climate change and the financial institutions whose actions damage the planet.
According to the activists, this was partly because they had planned the demonstration to ensure there was no risk to public safety, by taking measures including targeting a station above ground and having 10 more Extinction Rebellion activists on the platform to ensure violence did not break out.
In April 2021, six Extinction Rebellion protesters were cleared of causing criminal damage to Shell’s London headquarters despite the judge directing jurors they had no defense in law.