Genetically Modified Pigs To Be Used For Heart Transplants

Germany is planning to clone and breed genetically modified pigs to use for heart transplants in humans. This has generated a lot of controversy regarding animal rights, but not only. The practice is believed to be both legally and ethically questionable.

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Adapted from this article.

Genetically Modified Pigs To Be Used For Heart Transplants | Definition Match

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Genetically Modified Pigs To Be Used For Heart Transplants | Fill in the Blank

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Genetically Modified Pigs To Be Used For Heart Transplants | True or False

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Full text:

German scientists plan to clone and then breed genetically-modified pigs this year as heart donors for humans. One scientist at a university in Munich said his team is aiming to have the new species ready for transplant trials by 2025.

In the first surgery of its kind, in January of 2022, transplanted a heart from a pig into a terminally ill man. His doctors say he is responding well. The work has triggered a heated debate in a country with one of Europe’s lowest organ donation rates and a strong animal rights movement.

The first generation of pigs should be born this year. Their hearts would be tested in baboons before the team sought approval for a human clinical trial.

Supporters say animal donors could help shorten that list, but opponents say the technology rides roughshod over the animals’ rights, effectively degrading pigs to the status of organ factories while the monkeys used in transplant experiments die in agony.

In February 2019, a petition by German group Doctors Against Animal Experiments demanded a ban on xenotransplantation research and collected over 57,000 signatures. A spokesperson for the Animal Welfare Association called the practice “ethically very questionable,” saying, “Animals should not serve as spare parts for humans” because they have “the same needs, fears and also rights.”

Upside-Down Rhino Research Wins A 2021 Ig Nobel Prize

Sometimes science is weird. The Ig-Nobel Prize is awarded to scientists whose research goes beyond the traditional experiment. This year’s winner? A team that hung rhinos upside-down to measure their blood flow! It’s tough being a rhino these days.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises on our website.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article

Upside-Down Rhino Research Wins A 2021 Ig Nobel Prize | Definition Match

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Upside-Down Rhino Research Wins A 2021 Ig Nobel Prize | Fill in the Blank

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Upside-Down Rhino Research Wins A 2021 Ig Nobel Prize | True of False

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Full Text:

An experiment that hung rhinoceroses upside down to see what effect it had on the animals has been awarded one of this year’s Ig Nobel prizes.

This prize, often considered a joke that should make you think, is presented by real Nobel laureates. The prize: a trophy they had to assemble from a PDF print-out and a cash prize in the form of a counterfeit 10 trillion dollar Zimbabwean banknote.

Other recipients of this year’s prize included a group who studied the bacteria in chewing gum stuck to pavement; another studied how to control cockroaches on submarines; a third studied communication between humans and cats.

What could be more important (or daft) than hanging 12 rhinos upside down for 10 minutes from helicopters? The rhino study does exactly this. The team wanted to know if the animals’ health might be compromised while slung in that position from a crane. Surprisingly, this experiment had not been conducted before.

Their evidence, in fact, showed that rhinos coped better in this upside-down position than lying down on their chest or on their side. As it turns out, being upside-down for a rhino is much like standing up normally, their lungs were equally perfused. It will be exciting to see which animals are next.

Wild Bison Will Be Released In the UK – English Language Exercise

Wild bison are to return to the UK for the first time in 6,000 years, with the release of a small herd in Kent planned for spring 2022.

The £1m project to reintroduce the animals will help to secure the future of an endangered species. But they will also naturally regenerate a former pine wood plantation by killing off trees. This creates a healthy mix of woodland, insect, bird and plant life. This is fantastic for the local environment.

During the initial release, one male and three females will be set free. Natural breeding will increase the size of the herd, with one calf per year normal for each female. The bison will come from the Netherlands or Poland, where releases have been successful and safe.

Populations of the UK’s most important wildlife have plummeted by an average of 60% since 1970. Britain is one of the most nature-depleted countries in the world, despite the best efforts of conservationists.

Bison kill selected trees by eating their bark or rubbing against them to remove their thick winter fur. This creates a feast of dead wood for insects, which provide food for birds. It also creates sunny clearings where native plants can thrive. The trust expects nightingales and turtle doves to benefit from the bison’s “ecosystem engineering”.

The Steppe bison is thought to have roamed the UK until about 6,000 years ago, when hunting and changes in habitat led to its global extinction. The European bison that will be released in Kent is a descendant of this species and its closest living relative.

 

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Wild Bison Definitions Quiz

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Adapted from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jul/10/wild-bison-to-return-to-uk-kent