0, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Conditional or “if clauses”

There are so many type of if clauses in English it is important to know when it is the right context to use each type!

Today we will learn what type of probability each “if clause” type implies so that you can correctly use them in the future!


Type zero

  • In type zero you use : present simple + present simple
  • You use this type when something is a general or scientific fact.


  • If it is hot, ice cream melts.
  • If you wash your clothes, they stink less.


First Conditional

  • Present simple + will/won’t + verb
  • The first conditional is used for things that are likely even probable to occur in the future.


  • If you shake the soda can, it will explode.
  • If you work hard, you will see results.


Second Conditional

  • Past simple + would OR wouldn’t + verb
  • You only use this if clause when something is unlikely to occur in the future!
  • **** note that with the verb to be we use were


  • If I were rich, I would buy a big house.
  • If she had a car, she would drive to work.
  • If I had a green thumb, I would grow more plants in my house.


Third Conditional

  • Past perfect + would have + past participle
  • You use this clause for situations that are in the past and imagined. The have no way to be true because they are situated in the past.


  • If I had been good at math, I would have studied economics in college.
  • If I hadn’t hurt my back, we could’ve taken a walk together last evening.


“if clause” exercise

Now let’s put it to the test with some questions, fill in the blanks:

Different ways you could express or react to an opinion

Welcome to the Scrambled Eggs blog! Here you can find many different resources with which you can learn English. There are listening exercises, grammar exercises, vocabulary boosters and all kind of interesting articles on a variety of topics! Learning English should be fun, so we hope you like what you see and hear. Have you ever found yourself in a situation where you need to voice your opinion in a formal way? Well today’s blog is all about expressing yourself in formal situations.

What are the different ways you could express or react to an opinion?

When you are interjecting with agreeance to someone else’s opinion you can say:

  • “I figured as much”
    • It is raining this weekend, so I am going to move the pool party to Sunday.
    • I figured as much when I saw the weather.
  • “I suppose”
    • I tried the soup and I think it needs more salt, what do you think?
    • I suppose so, it did seem a bit bland.
  • “Am I ever”
    • Are you excited to come to my 30th birthday party this weekend?
    • Am I ever! I have been waiting to celebrate for weeks!

What about when you are defending your opinion to someone else?

You can say:

  • “Keep in mind that”
    • Keep in mind that the weather is supposed to change next week for our trip, so you should pack warmer sweaters.”
  • “Especially considering”
    • I think we will win first place, especially considering we were the only ones who had our speech memorized.
  • “I’d go as far as to say”
    • That was very good pizza, I’d go as far as to say it was some of the best pizza I have ever had!
  • “There’s no question that”
    • There’s no question that he is one of the best players on the team, especially since he is the top goal scorer!

Lastly, when you are discussing your intentions with someone you can say:

  • “I understand that”
    • I understand that you are frustrated with the delay in shipment, but we will try to get your package to you as soon as possible.
  • “We are prepared to”
    • We are prepared to call the coach and ask him why the best player on the team did not play at all last game.


Different ways you could express or react to an opinion quiz

Using all of the phrases from this lesson, put the appropriate phrase into each sentence.

Nonprofit Gets $25Mil From Airbnb Co-Founder to Launch Plastic Pollution Cleanup


Plastic is destroying the world’s bodies of water. Now, Airbnb’s co-founder has donated an enormous sum of money to one nonprofit group who’s looking at how to remove all the plastic.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises below.

The news is a consistent and endless source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it’s doubtless a piece of your daily routine that can’t go ignored.

There are many reasons to read, watch or listen to the news. Understanding the ramifications of recent legislation passed. Listening to recent events and grasping the potential consequences to your country. Or, simply listening to what’s happening in other countries so you can compare them to your own. It’s a staple in our lives and the most reliable way to get information.

That’s why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds. That is, learning English and keeping up with current events. We hope our challenging exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, bring these worlds together in a satisfactory and entertaining way.

So that’s all for the introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article.

Quiz Time!

Nonprofit Gets $25Mil From Airbnb Co-Founder to Launch Plastic Pollution Cleanup | Synonym Match

Macth the following words to their synonyms.

Nonprofit Gets $25Mil From Airbnb Co-Founder to Launch Plastic Pollution Cleanup | Fill in the Blank

Fill in the blanks with the correct words.

Nonprofit Gets $25Mil From Airbnb Co-Founder to Launch Plastic Pollution Cleanup | True or False

Decide if the statements are true or false.

And that’s it for today’s English lesson, where you can improve your English with the news and current events. Do you have any comments or special requests for us for the next edition of Learn English with the News? Please leave any feedback you have in the comments section below. We would love to help you on your quest to learn the English language!

For other Learn English with the News segments, be sure to check out the rest of our posts:


Full text for Money Nonprofit Gets $25Mil From Airbnb Co-Founder to Launch Plastic Pollution Cleanup:

Airbnb’s co-founder has donated $25 million to support a nonprofit called The Ocean Cleanup as they prepare to assemble and deploy the largest plastic capture system ever developed for use in the ocean.
The Ocean Cleanup’s pilot ocean cleaning system, System 002, has been deployed in the Great Pacific Garbage Patch (GPGP) located between Hawaii and California since late 2021. It has so far removed close to 200,000 kilograms of plastic that otherwise would have remained trapped for decades or more.
This pilot system is now in the process of being scaled up to the largest, most cost-effective ocean cleaning system ever developed, and will feature a capture area 2.5 kilometers across, and a three-vessel team that will allow it to operate 24-7.
As the only group currently cleaning the trillions of plastic pieces in the GPGP, The Ocean Cleanup has streamlined their cleaning systems to be as cost-effective as possible, allowing their entirely not-for-profit income generation and any potential donations to go far.
His vision attracted millions in private contributions from philanthropists, even while government scientists sneered at the use of fossil-fuel vessels to pull the nets to capture the plastic.