Imperatives

Maybe you are trying to give someone directions or your friend needs help cooking and you do not know which verb form to use. Choosing the correct verb form in English is very important and can often times lead to confusion. For that reason, we will look at something called IMPERATIVES.

HINT: it is actually very easy!

Imperatives are used to give instructions or orders. An imperative is formed from the infinitive form of the verb (base form). An imperative comes from the second person, which means we use it to talk directly to someone else.

We can use imperatives to:
Give orders
Give directions

Here are some examples of imperatives in the positive:
Be quiet, the students are working.
Let’s go home
Close the door.
Turn right at the next street.

For the negative, we simply add do not (or don’t) before the infinitive.
Do not shout, I can hear you.
Don’t walk on the grass
Do not run near the pool.
Don’t do that

Try these exercises and test your understanding.

Imperatives

Choose the correct answer.

 

I hope this went well for you. Thank you for working so hard in and out of the classroom. The more you practice the better your English will be. Let us know if you have any questions in the comments below.

Borrow/Lend

Borrow- Borrowed – Borrowed

Lend – Lent- Lent

There is a very simple difference between borrow and lend, however it is a difference that many people find hard to understand. To make it simple, borrow is the action of taking something from someone for a short period of time and lend is the opposite, the action of giving something to someone again, for a short period of time.

Here are a few examples:

Can I borrow your pen?

I will lend you my pen.

 

Can she borrow your bag?

I will lend her my bag.

 

Can I borrow your phone?

I will lend you my phone.

 

Could you lend me some money?

Ask Laura to lend you some as I don’t have any.

Laura, could I borrow some money please?

 

Can she borrow your laptop?

I am sorry I have already lent it to someone! Doesn’t she have one?

 

Personal pronouns always come after the word lend: I will lend you some money

 

Take a look at the table below to help you understand the concept.

 

 

When you think you are ready have a go at the word choice exercise which is followed by a true or false task!

Good luck!

Borrow/Lend - Fill in the Blank

Read the text below and choose the correct verb.

Borrow/Lend - True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.

 

English Language Exercise: The Present Perfect

The present perfect: the obscure grammar tense that so many English learners struggle to comprehend. Well, the first thing to understand is the formula for the present perfect:

Subject + auxiliary have + past participle

Here are some examples for you:

Lucy has left her keys on the table.
John has seen the film.
We have not done the dishes yet.

The past participle is the third column on your typical English verb chart which has the infinitive, the simple past and the past participle, in that order. Here is a link that you can find with some of the most common irregular past participles:

Most Common Irregular Past Tense Verbs

Now that you are fresh and ready to go, what do you say to an English grammar exercise about the present perfect?

Present Perfect Quiz

Here we have some sentences with blanks that you can fill in. What’s missing is the past participle, so use the verb in parentheses to write the correct form of the verb! Ready? Go!