The Second Conditional:

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The second conditional uses the past simple after if, then ‘would’ and the infinitive:

  • Example: if + past simple, …would + infinitive

When do you use the second conditional?

Typically it is use to talk about things in the future that will probably not happen.

For example:

  • If I won the lottery, I would travel the world
  • If I played hockey as a kid, I would have made it to the NHL

Also, we can use it to talk about something in the present that seems impossible.

For example:

  • If I were you, I would go to the gym more.
  • If I had a gym membership, I would go to the gym everyday!

 

The difference between these two examples is that in the second examples these sentences are a lot more unlikely to actually happen.

Second Conditional Quiz:

Practice: Complete the following sentences use the second conditional.

0, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Conditional or “if clauses”

There are so many type of if clauses in English it is important to know when it is the right context to use each type!

Today we will learn what type of probability each “if clause” type implies so that you can correctly use them in the future!

 

Type zero

  • In type zero you use : present simple + present simple
  • You use this type when something is a general or scientific fact.

Examples:

  • If it is hot, ice cream melts.
  • If you wash your clothes, they stink less.

 

First Conditional

  • Present simple + will/won’t + verb
  • The first conditional is used for things that are likely even probable to occur in the future.

Examples:

  • If you shake the soda can, it will explode.
  • If you work hard, you will see results.

 

Second Conditional

  • Past simple + would OR wouldn’t + verb
  • You only use this if clause when something is unlikely to occur in the future!
  • **** note that with the verb to be we use were

Examples:

  • If I were rich, I would buy a big house.
  • If she had a car, she would drive to work.
  • If I had a green thumb, I would grow more plants in my house.

 

Third Conditional

  • Past perfect + would have + past participle
  • You use this clause for situations that are in the past and imagined. The have no way to be true because they are situated in the past.

Example:

  • If I had been good at math, I would have studied economics in college.
  • If I hadn’t hurt my back, we could’ve taken a walk together last evening.

 

“if clause” exercise

Now let’s put it to the test with some questions, fill in the blanks:

Adverbs of degree/intensity and Time Expressions

Welcome to the Scrambled Eggs blog! Here you can find many different resources with which you can learn English. For today’s blog, we are going to talk about adverbs of degree/intensity and also time expressions. Both of these are very helpful in mastering the English language, so let’s get started!

Adverbs of Degree/Intensity:

Adverbs of degree or intensity modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs to show the level or extent of an action, quality, or condition. They answer questions like “how much” or “to what extent.”:

Here are some examples:

  1. A little
  2. Very well
  3. Quite well
  4. At allBut how do we use them? Let’s take a look!
  1. “A little” is used to express a small amount or degree of something. For example: “He speaks a little English.”
  2. “Very well” is used to indicate a high degree of proficiency or success in doing something. For example: “She plays the piano very well.”
  3. “Quite well” is used to show a reasonably high level of proficiency or ability. For example: “They danced quite well at the party.”
  4. “At all” is used in negative sentences or questions to emphasize the absence of something. For example: “I don’t like spicy food at all.” / “Did you enjoy the movie at all?”

Time Expressions:

Time expressions are words or phrases that indicate when an action takes place. They help to establish the timeframe or duration of an event or situation.

Here are some examples:

  1. Every few days
  2. Once a year
  3. Once a month
  4. Every day

Now, let’s see how we can use them!

“Every few days” means something happens with a regular frequency but not every day. For example: “He goes to the gym every few days.”

“Once a year” means something happens once in a year, annually. For example: “We have a family reunion once a year.”

“Once a month” means something happens once in a month, monthly. For example: “They meet for dinner once a month.”

“Every day” means something happens each day, daily. For example: “I drink a glass of water every day.”

Now it is your turn to practice using these adverbs and time expressions!

Frequency adverbs quiz

Now it is your turn to practice using these adverbs of frequency. Choose the correct option: