Common False Friends – A2 Level

There are many words in English that are similar to words in Italian! When we find these similar words, it makes learning English much easier! For example, in English we say film, like in Italian! We also say spectacular, like spettacolare, fantastic, like fantastico, and splendid, like splendido.

Unfortunately, not all words that sound similar have the same meanings. These words are called “false friends” and they can be very tricky! Some false friends have slightly different meanings while others can mean the exact opposite of what you want to say!

In order to help you make only true friends in English, we’ve compiled a list of common false friends that occur between English and Italian. Take a look to see if you have ever been tricked by these tricksters!

Cold – caldo

When it is cold, I need to wear a heavy jacket, thick socks, and a very warm scarf. It is cold in the fall and very cold in the winter.

Annoyed – annoiata

My little sister annoys me a lot! I always ask her to stop making sounds and playing music when I study but she never listens to me!

Brave – bravo

I don’t like to public speaking. I am very afraid when I give presentations in front of a lot of people, but I need to be brave and face my fears!

Morbid – morbido

My friend is very morbid. She likes to watch a lot of horror films and read scary stories!

Noisy – noioso

New York is a very noisy city. You can hear the sirens from ambulances all the time, even at night!

 

Common False Friends | True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.

 

Common False Friends | Synonym Match

Put the following words to the correct synonyms.

Common False Friends | Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the proper words

First & Second Conditionals – English Grammar Exercise

The first and second conditionals can both be used to describe possible situations.  The first conditional is used for something that is possible, and could actually happen. But the second conditional is used for something that is possible, and will almost certainly not happen.

Here is a reminder for how to form the first and second conditionals:

I Conditional

If it rains tomorrow, I will bring my umbrella.

If + present tense + will + verb

II Conditional

If I had a million dollars, I would buy an expensive car.

If + past + would + verb

Try these exercises to practice first and second conditionals!

I & II Conditionals - I

Choose the correct verb to complete the sentence.

I & II Conditionals - II

Write the missing verb to complete the sentence.

Learn English with the News – Madrid Building Urban Forest To Fight Climate Change

Climate change is devastating cities and countries all over the world. What is Spain’s capital, Madrid doing about it? A green wall! With this immersion of nature in a concrete metropolis, Madrid hopes to boost oxygen and fight pollution in a positive way.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

 

Adapted from this article.

Now that you’ve had a listen, let’s put your knowledge to the test with some of our vocabulary and comprehension exercises:

Madrid Building Urban Forest To Fight Climate Change | Definition Match

Put the following words to the correct definitions.

Madrid Building Urban Forest To Fight Climate Change | Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the proper words

Madrid Building Urban Forest To Fight Climate Change | True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.

 

Full Text:

“Madrid is currently building a green wall around the city in order to help fight against climate change and pollution. The wall is set to cover roughly 75-kilometres and include half a million new trees.
Madrid’s councillor for environment and urban development, with this project, is attempting to improve the air quality of the entire city. He wants to fight the “heat island” effect that is happening inside the city which occurs when structures within a city absorb and re-emit the sun’s heat.
Desertification is slowly approaching southern Europe. The urban forest in Madrid intends to be both a mitigation and adaptation measure in the face of climate change.
This project will utilize derelict areas that are in-between roads and buildings and is estimated to absorb 175,000 tons of carbon dioxide each year. It will make use of indigenous trees which absorb CO2 and heat generated by human activity. In the shade of these trees, temperatures are 2 degrees lower.
Part of Madrid’s goal is reducing car use, increasing pedestrianisation and promoting a new green culture, all of which will be necessary for a sustainable future.
Around the world, cities consume approximately two-thirds of the global energy supply while generating about three-quarters of its greenhouse emissions.
Restricting traffic, promoting cycling and public transport, and planting trees are simple ways to reduce the energy consumption that contributes to the heat island effect. Cities will be the most affected by climate change, but they are also an essential part of the solution.”