Scientists Create Protein that Breaks Down Plastic | Learn English with the News

Plastic is ubiquitous. Water bottles, bags, food containers. It’s become a massive problem for the planet, for animals, for humans. Now, there might be some hope, a way to break it down before it takes over completely.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from a article 

Scientists Create Protein that Breaks Down Plastic | Definition Match

Put the following words to the correct definitions.

Scientists Create Protein that Breaks Down Plastic | Fill in the Blank

Fill out the text below with the correct answers.

Scientists Create Protein that Breaks Down Plastic | True or False

Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.

And that’s it for today’s English lesson, where you can improve your English with the news and current events. Do you have any comments or special requests for us for the next edition of Learn English with the News? Be sure to leave any feedback you have in the comments section below, as we would love to help you on your quest to learn the English language!

For other Learn English with the News segments, be sure to check out the rest of our posts:

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Full text:

A “Pac-Man” protein that gobbles up plastic and breaks it down could open the door to eliminating billions of tons of landfill waste. The enzyme destroys PET, which, in addition to accounting for 12% of all global waste, is ubiquitous in food and drink packaging as well as textiles.

The protein offers hope for solving global pollution by supercharging large scale recycling. Major industries would be able to recover and reuse products at the molecular level.

The enzyme reduces them into smaller parts—chemicals which can then be reassembled. In some cases, the plastics can be fully broken down in as little as 24 hours.

Artificial intelligence, machine learning, generated novel mutations to a natural enzyme called PETase that allows bacteria to degrade PET.

Experiments proved the effectiveness of the enzyme named “FAST-PETase” (Functional, Active, Stable and Tolerant PETase). Other alternative industrial processes for breaking down plastic are energy-intensive, but biological solutions, like this one, require much less.

Research on enzymes for plastic recycling has advanced during the past 15 years. However, no one had been able to figure out how to make enzymes that could operate efficiently at low temperatures to make them both portable and affordable at large industrial scale—until now.

Prepositions of Place (with Bailey Beagle)

Sometimes we lose our keys, our wallet, and even our cellphone!
It is very frustrating when we don’t know where things are or where they go. It is even worse when we don’t know how to say where things are and where they go!
On, under, over, above, into, between, behind, below, near, next to… and the list goes on!

There are so many ways to describe the position of things! How can we possibly remember them all?
But, have no fear, Scrambled Eggs is here with some common prepositions of place.

So next time you need to find that lost item, you can simply ask yourself (in English, of course) “Did I leave it on the kitchen counter?” or “Did it fall under the table?” maybe it even went behind the couch!

Our sweet Bailey Beagle will guide us through some of the more difficult prepositions of place. Hopefully her cuteness will help us to remember when to use those pesky prepositions!

Prepositions of Place | QUIZ

Choose the correct answer.

 

Did you enjoy learning a little English today?

If you can make a habit of practicing at least a little bit every day, your overall level will improve significantly.  Here are a selection of other resources you can use to continue your English journey: : https://scrambledeggsinglese.it/english-exercises/. Also, check us out on Instagram or come to our English school in Milan to say hello!

 

“By the time…” | Future perfect

Talking about the future can be a difficult task, even for the most advanced speakers especially when you add special phrases to the mix. In this blog, we are going to be talking about the phrase by the time and how we can use it with the future perfect verb tense.

 

Wait… What is the future perfect?

Great question! The future perfect is used to talk about something that will be completed before a specific time in the future.

Will/won’t have + past participle

I will have finished this book.

He will have arrived.

It will have stopped raining.

We will have met her.

 

In these examples, the events (arriving, raining) will be completed.

 

Now, let’s look at a common phrase we can use to compliment the future perfect: by the time. We use this phrase to give a time period in which the action will be completed. For example:

 

By the time my mom gets home, I will have finished this book.

He will have arrived by the time I get on the train.

By the time she finishes her homework, it will have stopped raining.

We will have met her by the time you get here.

 

Here is a little quiz you can do to test your knowledge, good luck!

Future perfect | QUIZ

Choose the correct option.

 

Great work! You should be proud of yourself. By the time you finish this blog, you will be much more knowledgeable about the future perfect.

Thank you for completing this blog, if you have any questions feel free to leave us a comment!