Sometimes we lose our keys, our wallet, and even our cellphone!
It is very frustrating when we don’t know where things are or where they go. It is even worse when we don’t know how to say where things are and where they go! On, under, over, above, into, between, behind, below, near, next to… and the list goes on!
There are so many ways to describe the position of things! How can we possibly remember them all?
But, have no fear, Scrambled Eggs is here with some common prepositions of place.
So next time you need to find that lost item, you can simply ask yourself (in English, of course) “Did I leave it on the kitchen counter?” or “Did it fall under the table?” maybe it even went behind the couch!
Our sweet Bailey Beagle will guide us through some of the more difficult prepositions of place. Hopefully her cuteness will help us to remember when to use those pesky prepositions!
Prepositions of Place | QUIZ
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1. Question
Bailey is _____ the table.
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2. Question
Bailey is _____ the snow.
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3. Question
Bailey is _____ the turtle.
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4. Question
Bailey is _____ the flowers.
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5. Question
Bailey is _____ the Duomo.
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6. Question
Bailey is _____ the train.
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Question 7 of 9
7. Question
Bailey is _____ the balloons.
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Question 8 of 9
8. Question
Bailey is _____ the sofa.
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Question 9 of 9
9. Question
Bailey is _____ the table.
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Did you enjoy learning a little English today?
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So you want to take the SAT? This is quite the challenge for nonnative English speakers as it’s even a challenge for native speakers! Luckily, half the test is given in the universal language… MATH. Even so, I’ve noticed some of the math is taught differently in US schools and some of the questions seem to be more focused on this style of problem. I am talking about percentages specifically. I have seen many students struggle with percentages and they almost always make the same mistakes. I’m hoping the strategy that I lay out below will simplify the problems and help you solve them more quickly, but with most maths there are many different ways to approach the same problem. Some approaches will be easier for some students and the same approach will be more difficult for others. This is the technique with which I’ve had the most success.
Part 1: Increasing by a percentage
Ex: What is 180 increased by 5%?
The quickest way to solve this is to write this 180 * 1.05 = 189.
Hold up.
Why is there a 1.05?
I took a shortcut! 180 increased by 5% can be written as:
180 + 180 * 0.5 which is rewritten 180 * (1+0.5) which simplified is 180 * 1.05
I am using the distributive property of multiplication to get 180 * (1+0.5). An easy way to think of this without the steps is to use this formula when increasing Y by percentage X.
Y*(1+X)
Side note: My thought process for solving this on the exam would go something like this. “180 increased by 5%. Do I know 5% of 180? No. What is 10% of 180? Move the decimal to the left so 18, and 5% is half of 10% so 5% must be 9. 180 plus 9 is 189.”
Part 2: Decreasing by a percentage
Ex: What is 120 decreased by 10%?
The quickest way for solving this would be 120 * 0.9 = 108.
Wait.
Stop.
Where did 0.9 come from?
I took a shortcut again. 120 decreased by 10% can be written as:
120 – 120 * 0.1 which is rewritten 120 * (1-0.1) which is equal to 120 * 0.9
In short, if you have a value Y and are decreasing by percentage X use this formula:
Y*(1-X)
Side note: If you are doing this math in your head, which is necessary for the “no calculator” portion, this is my thought process. “What is 10 percent of 120? Just move the decimal point to the left so 12. Okay, so 120 minus 12 is 108.”
SAT Math - Percents
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Practice: Solve these problems using the technique I described above. Try my thought process as well and see if it helps!
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Increase 40 by 60%
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2. Question
Decrease 60 by 5%
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3. Question
Increase 200 by 15%
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4. Question
Decrease 360 by 17.5%
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5. Question
Increase 25 by 20%
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6. Question
Decrease 240 by 7.5%
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7. Question
Increase 100 by 4%
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Question 8 of 10
8. Question
Increase 10 by 4%
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9. Question
Decrease 20 by 4%
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Question 10 of 10
10. Question
Decrease 10 by 50%
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There is a very simple difference between borrow and lend, however it is a difference that many people find hard to understand. To make it simple, borrow is the action of taking something from someone for a short period of time and lend is the opposite, the action of giving something to someone again, for a short period of time.
Here are a few examples:
Can I borrow your pen?
I will lend you my pen.
Can she borrow your bag?
I will lend her my bag.
Can I borrow your phone?
I will lend you my phone.
Could you lend me some money?
Ask Laura to lend you some as I don’t have any.
Laura, could I borrow some money please?
Can she borrow your laptop?
I am sorry I have already lent it to someone! Doesn’t she have one?
Personal pronouns always come after the word lend: I will lend you some money
Take a look at the table below to help you understand the concept.
When you think you are ready have a go at the word choice exercise which is followed by a true or false task!
Good luck!
Borrow/Lend - Fill in the Blank
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Read the text below and choose the correct verb.
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My name is Morgan, I would like to be a photographer, but I can’t afford to buy a camera of my own, so I usually ____ my friend’s. My friend is a professional photographer. She has started to work a lot, so I don’t know if she will ____ me it anymore, so I have started to save up for my own. Cameras are really expensive, and I don’t earn a lot of money, so it will take me a long time to save. I want to ask my mum if I could ____ the money to buy it, but I am scared she might say no because she ____ me money all the time, and the last time I ____ money from her she said she wouldn’t ____ me any more until I pay her back.
My name is Morgan, I would like to be a photographer, but I can’t afford to buy a camera of my own, so I usually (borrow) my friend’s. My friend is a professional photographer. She has started to work a lot, so I don’t know if she will (lend) me it anymore, so I have started to save up for my own. Cameras are really expensive, and I don’t earn a lot of money, so it will take me a long time to save. I want to ask my mum if I could (borrow) the money to buy it, but I am scared she might say no because she (lends) me money all the time, and the last time I (borrowed) money from her she said she wouldn’t (lend) me any more until I pay her back.
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Borrow/Lend - True or False
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Indicate which sentences are true and which ones are false.
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1. Question
Morgan has his own camera.
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2. Question
Cameras don’t cost a lot of money.
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Question 3 of 6
3. Question
Morgan has saved enough money for a camera.
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Question 4 of 6
4. Question
Morgan’s mum said she will help him pay for a camera.