Learn English with the News – The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer

Science and food do not have to be mutually exclusive: cancer researchers in Japan have been working with software developers to adapt an innovative computer program that can identify hundreds of different types of pastries at the cash register into a program that can detect cancer cells under a microscope lens.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article. 

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Fill in the Blank

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The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Synonyms Match

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The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | True or False

Decide if the statement is true or false.

 

Full text:

“A software company called Brain has been working with a cancer research center in Kyoto, Japan to adapt software they created for the Japanese bakeries into a program that can detect cancer cells under a microscope lens.

Brain’s software, BakeryScan, was created in 2007 and has since been improved to allow Japan’s bakeries to easily identify different types of pastries at the cash register.

The pastry industry needed this complex software because of Japan’s very diverse food tastes. The country’s long trade history led to its desire for a variety of flavors. For this reason, unlike French or Italian bakeries that offer only a few options, Japanese bakeries offer pastries of all sizes, shapes, flavors, and colors. There are hundreds of different types of pastries in these unique bakeries.

The many different types of pastries caused cashiers to spend months learning the price of each individual pastry based on sight alone. This meant that the checkout process was not only very difficult for cashiers, but also caused long wait times for customers.

Brain, which was founded by computer programmer and software designer Hisashi Kambe, had always worked on projects based on computer visualization capabilities and so to combat this problem at the cash register they created BakeryScan.

BakeryScan is unique because, unlike deep learning software like Google Translate, Siri, and almost every AI system out there, it doesn’t need large amounts of specialized data to make decisions; it is created to understand irregularities like the shadow cast into the middle of a donut hole or the slightly darker color of over-baked bread without needing the input of tens of thousands of similar images.

When a doctor at the Louis Pasteur Center for Medical Research, in Kyoto, saw a television segment about the machine, he realized that cancer cells, under a microscope, looked a lot like bread. He contacted Hisashi Kambe’s company Brain to see how they could collaborate to develop a version of the program that could help pathologists detect cancer cells.

The program they came up with, Cyto-Aiscan, is currently being tested in two major hospitals in Kobe and Kyoto. It is capable of “whole-slide” analysis, meaning that it can analyze an entire microscope slide and identify the cells that might be cancerous. The software considers the color tone of the nucleus, its size and texture, and its overall roundness and can lead to earlier diagnoses by speeding up the process, ultimately allowing for more effective treatments for cancer patients.”

Italy’s divorce rate shoots up by 60 percent during pandemic

Italy’s divorce rates are increasing dramatically in the COVID pandemic period, as a country that has been considered to have a low rate of divorce has been in extreme difficult. Is it because spouses who are used to only spending nights and weekends together were faced with the reality of a “full-time marriage” for the first time in their relationship, or because the pandemic has raised anxiety and concern about the future?

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article.

 

Italy divorce | Fill in the blank

Fill in the empty spaces with the correct word.

 

Full text:

“This is Scrambled Eggs news

Divorces have spiked in Italy mainly due to “forced coexistence” under lockdown, say lawyers.

The divorce rate in Italy increased by 60% in 2020, according to Italy’s National Divorce Association (l’Associazione nazionale divorzisti italiani)

In 40 percent of cases, the divorces were due to the fact that lockdown made it more difficult to hide infidelity and “double lives,” lawyers said.

Another 30 percent of separations were due to domestic violence, and the remaining 30 percent were listed as relating to other causes.

“It’s one thing to share weekends and evenings but another to share the whole day, with all the problems related to the health emergency: health stress due to illness, lack of work, living with children with difficulties related to distance learning,” said lawyer Matteo Santini said.

“This causes an emotional explosion that creates the desire and request for separation.”

As with many sets of statistics in Italy, there was a notable difference between the north and south of the country.

There were more than twice as many separations recorded in the north in 2020, with 450 per thousand couples in the north, and 200 in southern Italy.

Italy, where more than 80 percent of people describe themselves as Catholic, has long had one of Europe’s lowest divorce rates, with only Ireland, Slovenia, and Malta reporting lower figures.

Divorce numbers in the country however increased dramatically in 2015 after the enactment of legislation making it easier and quicker to end failed marriages.

Several Italian studies have confirmed that the pandemic and subsequent economic crisis is having a major impact on families, with national statistics agency Istat finding that Italy’s already record-low birth rate was decreasing even further due to “the climate of fear and uncertainty and the growing difficulties linked to employment and income generated by recent events.”

This is Adam signing off for Scrambled Eggs News”

Learn English with the News – Amazon Engineer Unveils App to Translate Your Cat’s Meow

Are you a cat lover who has always wanted to be able to decipher what your cat is saying? Well, A former Amazon engineer’s app is changing the way we interact with pets with this innovative, cutting-edge technology. We don’t know how accurate “Meowtalk” will be, but it will certainly be a fun trick to test on your cat!

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article.

Now that you’ve had a listen, let’s put your knowledge to the test with some of our vocabulary and comprehension exercises:

Amazon Engineer Unveils App to Translate Your Cat’s Meow | True or False

Decide if the statement is true or false.

Amazon Engineer Unveils App to Translate Your Cat’s Meow | Fill in the Blank

Fill the empty spaces with the proper words.

Amazon Engineer Unveils App to Translate Your Cat’s Meow | Definition Match

Match the words to the correct definitions.

Full Text:

“A former Amazon Alexa engineer has developed a brand-new app which aims to translate what your cat is saying. The app, ‘MeowTalk’, asks you to record the sound of your cat meowing and then attempts to understand the meaning.

As of now, there are 13 different phrases built-in to the app, including ‘feed me!’ and ‘I’m angry!’.

Researchers have found that cats do not actually speak in one common language, instead each meow is individual to its owner, and some cats ‘speak’ more than others. Due to this fact, the app does not rely on a database of sounds, but instead uses an AI which changes with every cat’s profile.

The cat owner will help the app by labelling each translation, meaning the AI will learn quicker.

For example, if your cat is meowing in the morning because it is hungry, you can record the sound in the app and label it ‘I’m hungry!’. The more people who use the app and the more often it is used, the better and more accurate it will become.

Eventually, the developers would like to create a smart-collar for your cat, which would instantly translate the meow, and a human voice would come out of the speaker.

Javier Sanchez, the program manager at the app developer (Akvelon) said:

“I think this is especially important now because, with all the social distancing that’s happening, you have people that are confined at home with … a significant other – this feline. This will enable them to communicate with their cat, or at least understand their cat’s intent, and build a very important connection.”

The app is available now for free, but some users are complaining of bugs. One user is receiving the translation ‘I’m in love!’ 90% of the time, and others are not able to access the service at all due to connection issues, but the app has an overall rating of 4.3/5 on the Google Play store, so it can’t be all bad!

Anita Kelsey, cat behaviourist and author of ‘Let’s Talk About Cats’, said:

“We will probably never be able to convert a cat’s meow into human words, but the app seems like fun and there’s no harm in having fun with your cat.”

Would you like to know what your cat is thinking?!”