Reading Exercise | | The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer

Japan’s long history of trade is considered one of the reasons behind the country’s very diverse food tastes. Because of this, unlike French or Italian bakeries that offer only a few options, Japanese bakeries offer pastries of all sizes, shapes, flavors, and colors. They have options like The Carbonara, which is a pastry version of the famous Italian pasta dish, or The Ham Corn, a breakfast pastry topped with ham, corn, and mayonnaise. There are hundreds of different types of pastries in these unique bakeries. Unfortunately, this diversity did not come without a cost: cashiers had to spend months learning the price of each individual pastry based on sight alone. This meant that the checkout process was not only very difficult for cashiers, but also caused long wait times for customers.

A software company called Brain was asked to help resolve the problem of confusion at the cash register. Brain, which was founded by computer programmer and software designer Hisashi Kambe, had always worked on projects based on computer visualization capabilities. The company originally designed computers that could detect errors in formulas for fabric patterns, so resolving the problem of visualizing hundreds of different pastries was no stranger to them. Brain began working on a software called BakeryScan.

BakeryScan is unique because, unlike deep learning software like Google Translate, Siri, and almost every AI system out there, BakeryScan doesn’t need large amounts of specialized data to make decisions; it is created to understand irregularities like the shadow cast into the middle of a donut hole or the slightly darker color of over-baked bread without needing the input of tens of thousands of similar images.

Once BakeryScan was implemented, it became a hit. It was televised all over Japan and became such a cultural phenomenon that it was even referenced in their language proficiency exams.

This was how a doctor at the Louis Pasteur Center for Medical Research, in Kyoto, saw a television segment about the machine. He realized that cancer cells, under a microscope, looked a lot like bread. He contacted Hisashi Kambe’s company Brain to see how they could collaborate to develop a version of the program that could help pathologists detect cancer cells. BakeryScan was already equipped with tools that allowed human experts to give the program feedback, the only thing they needed to change was what exactly the system would be analyzing.

They started small, analyzing single cells under a microscope, but eventually moved up to more complex images. Now, BakeryScan, adapted and renamed Cyto-Aiscan, is being tested in two major hospitals in Kobe and Kyoto. It is capable of “whole-slide” analysis, meaning that more than analyze a single cell at a time, it is capable of looking at an entire microscope slide and identifying the cells that might be cancerous. Instead of considering the shadows cast into a donut hole or the darker shade of over-baked bread, the software is now considering the color tone of the nucleus, its size and texture, and its overall roundness.

Who knew that the world of pastries could bring us further ahead in cancer research?

Did you enjoy reading this article? Test your reading skills by completing the quizzes below.

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Definition Match

Match the phrases with their definition.

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Fill in the Blank II

Fill in the blank with the correct word or phrase:

Learn English with the News – The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer

Science and food do not have to be mutually exclusive: cancer researchers in Japan have been working with software developers to adapt an innovative computer program that can identify hundreds of different types of pastries at the cash register into a program that can detect cancer cells under a microscope lens.

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article. 

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Fill in the Blank

Fill in the blank with the correct preposition.

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | Synonyms Match

Match the words with their synonyms.

The Pastry AI that Learned to Fight Cancer | True or False

Decide if the statement is true or false.

 

Full text:

“A software company called Brain has been working with a cancer research center in Kyoto, Japan to adapt software they created for the Japanese bakeries into a program that can detect cancer cells under a microscope lens.

Brain’s software, BakeryScan, was created in 2007 and has since been improved to allow Japan’s bakeries to easily identify different types of pastries at the cash register.

The pastry industry needed this complex software because of Japan’s very diverse food tastes. The country’s long trade history led to its desire for a variety of flavors. For this reason, unlike French or Italian bakeries that offer only a few options, Japanese bakeries offer pastries of all sizes, shapes, flavors, and colors. There are hundreds of different types of pastries in these unique bakeries.

The many different types of pastries caused cashiers to spend months learning the price of each individual pastry based on sight alone. This meant that the checkout process was not only very difficult for cashiers, but also caused long wait times for customers.

Brain, which was founded by computer programmer and software designer Hisashi Kambe, had always worked on projects based on computer visualization capabilities and so to combat this problem at the cash register they created BakeryScan.

BakeryScan is unique because, unlike deep learning software like Google Translate, Siri, and almost every AI system out there, it doesn’t need large amounts of specialized data to make decisions; it is created to understand irregularities like the shadow cast into the middle of a donut hole or the slightly darker color of over-baked bread without needing the input of tens of thousands of similar images.

When a doctor at the Louis Pasteur Center for Medical Research, in Kyoto, saw a television segment about the machine, he realized that cancer cells, under a microscope, looked a lot like bread. He contacted Hisashi Kambe’s company Brain to see how they could collaborate to develop a version of the program that could help pathologists detect cancer cells.

The program they came up with, Cyto-Aiscan, is currently being tested in two major hospitals in Kobe and Kyoto. It is capable of “whole-slide” analysis, meaning that it can analyze an entire microscope slide and identify the cells that might be cancerous. The software considers the color tone of the nucleus, its size and texture, and its overall roundness and can lead to earlier diagnoses by speeding up the process, ultimately allowing for more effective treatments for cancer patients.”

Italy’s divorce rate shoots up by 60 percent during pandemic

Italy’s divorce rates are increasing dramatically in the COVID pandemic period, as a country that has been considered to have a low rate of divorce has been in extreme difficult. Is it because spouses who are used to only spending nights and weekends together were faced with the reality of a “full-time marriage” for the first time in their relationship, or because the pandemic has raised anxiety and concern about the future?

Watch the video and then do the accompanying English language exercises.

The news is a consistent source of entertainment, knowledge and discovery that never ceases to exist and always comes out with more and more material each day. Because it plays such a vital part in our lives and is so important to keep up with, it is without a doubt a piece of your everyday routine that can’t go ignored.

Whether it is to understand the ramifications of recent legislation passed, to hear about recent events and grasp the potential consequences to your country, or simply hear about what is happening in other countries in order to compare them to what’s happening in yours, the news is certainly a staple in our lives and the most consistent way to get information.

This is why Scrambled Eggs has decided to unite two of your biggest worlds: learning English and keeping up with what is happening in the world. We hope our challenging daily exercises, composed of listening, vocabulary and comprehension exercises in English, will satisfy both of those above worlds in a satisfactory and also entertaining way.

So enough about introductions, let’s get to today’s Learn English with the News topic:

Adapted from this article.

 

Italy divorce | Fill in the blank

Fill in the empty spaces with the correct word.

 

Full text:

“This is Scrambled Eggs news

Divorces have spiked in Italy mainly due to “forced coexistence” under lockdown, say lawyers.

The divorce rate in Italy increased by 60% in 2020, according to Italy’s National Divorce Association (l’Associazione nazionale divorzisti italiani)

In 40 percent of cases, the divorces were due to the fact that lockdown made it more difficult to hide infidelity and “double lives,” lawyers said.

Another 30 percent of separations were due to domestic violence, and the remaining 30 percent were listed as relating to other causes.

“It’s one thing to share weekends and evenings but another to share the whole day, with all the problems related to the health emergency: health stress due to illness, lack of work, living with children with difficulties related to distance learning,” said lawyer Matteo Santini said.

“This causes an emotional explosion that creates the desire and request for separation.”

As with many sets of statistics in Italy, there was a notable difference between the north and south of the country.

There were more than twice as many separations recorded in the north in 2020, with 450 per thousand couples in the north, and 200 in southern Italy.

Italy, where more than 80 percent of people describe themselves as Catholic, has long had one of Europe’s lowest divorce rates, with only Ireland, Slovenia, and Malta reporting lower figures.

Divorce numbers in the country however increased dramatically in 2015 after the enactment of legislation making it easier and quicker to end failed marriages.

Several Italian studies have confirmed that the pandemic and subsequent economic crisis is having a major impact on families, with national statistics agency Istat finding that Italy’s already record-low birth rate was decreasing even further due to “the climate of fear and uncertainty and the growing difficulties linked to employment and income generated by recent events.”

This is Adam signing off for Scrambled Eggs News”