Past Participle in Question Phrases

In today’s post we will be learning all about the past participle in question phrases! If you use the phrase “Have you ever…” it is essential to put the following verb in the form of a past participle. Here is an example of the difference:

  • Instead of saying:
    • Have you ever went to California before?
  • Say:
    • Have you ever been to California before?

The past participle normally accompanies another verb in this case the word “have”. The past participle is typically referred to as the third form of the verb and can often be made by adding on these endings : ed, d, or t.

For example:

  • Sleep : slept : slept
  • Jump : jumped : jumped
  • Wear: wore : worn
  • Be : was/were : been

As you can see, sometimes the past participle is exactly the same as the regular past tense but other times things can be more difficult if the verb is irregular! For that reason, it will be useful to look specifically at a list of verbs that are irregular in the past participle so that you can begin to memorize them:

Here is a long list of irregular verbs: https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/support-files/50_common_irregular_verbs_list.pdf

However below I have compiled a list of the top 10 most used irregular verbs where in the past participle is different from the regular past tense!

 

  1. Be : was/were : been
  2. Become: became: become
  3. Drink: drank: drunk
  4. Do : did: done
  5. Eat: ate: eaten
  6. Give: gave: given
  7. Write: wrote: written
  8. Wear: wore: worn
  9. Speak: spoke: spoken
  10. Sing: sang: sung

Let’s practice using some of these new irregular verbs!

Past Participle Quiz

Try and conjugate the following verbs into the past participle.

Active vs. Passive Voice

Welcome to the Scrambled Eggs blog! Here you can find many different resources with which you can learn English. There are listening exercises, grammar exercises, vocabulary boosters and all kind of interesting articles on a variety of topics! Learning English should be fun, so we hope you like what you see and hear.

Today we are going to focus on the difference between active and passive voice. An example of the two different types are:

The Active Voice:
Most countries in Asia speak Mandarin.

The Passive Voice:
Mandarin is spoken in most countries in Asia.

Using the Passive Voice:

1. Passive voice is used when there is a focus on the action. Although, it is not known who or what is performing the action.
Example: “A ball was kicked.”
The focus, here, is on the fact that a ball was kicked. Thought, we do not know, who kicked the ball.

2. Sometimes a statement in passive is more polite than active voice.
Example: A glass was smashed.
Focus, here, is on the fact that a glass was smashed, but there is no one being blamed in this situation. Compared to if someone said “You dropped the glass and it smashed on the floor”.

Form of the passive voice:
Subject + the appropriate form of to be + Past Participle

NOTE: The appropriate form of to be = To be is put in the the tense of the active voice main verb.

When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:

  • The object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
  • The form of the verb is the appropriate form of to be (the tense of the active voice main verb) + the past participle.
  • The subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped.)

How to form sentences using the passive voice:

Active: Talia (subject) bakes (verb) cupcakes (object).

Passive: Cupcakes (object becoming subject) are made (verb) [by Talia] (subject becoming object or is dropped).

Passive Voice Quiz

Complete the following sentences to change them from active to passive voice.

The Magic of London’s West End Musicals

London’s West End is one of the world’s most famous theatre districts, and home to some of the most spectacular musicals ever staged. From the glittering lights of Shaftesbury Avenue to the historic theatres of Covent Garden, this blog post will take you on a journey through the world of West End musicals, and show you how to become a true musical aficionado.

The Magic of Musicals: Musicals are a unique form of theatre that combine music, dance, and drama to tell a story. They are known for their catchy songs, stunning choreography, and elaborate costumes, and can transport audiences to another world.

The West End: The West End is the heart of London’s theatre scene, and is home to over 40 theatres that host a wide range of shows, from classic musicals to cutting-edge new productions. The district is also home to some of the city’s most iconic landmarks, such as Trafalgar Square and Piccadilly Circus.

Popular Musicals: There are countless musicals to choose from in the West End, ranging from classic shows like The Phantom of the Opera and Les Misérables to modern hits like Hamilton and Dear Evan Hansen. Each show has its own unique storyline, characters, and musical style, so there’s something for everyone.

Theatres: Theatres are a key part of the West End musical experience, with many historic venues still in operation. From the majestic grandeur of the Palace Theatre to the intimate charm of the Menier Chocolate Factory, each theatre has its own character and atmosphere.

Tips for Attending a Show: If you’re planning to attend a show in the West End, it’s important to plan ahead. Check the show schedule and book your tickets in advance, dress appropriately, and arrive early to allow time for any security checks. And most importantly, sit back, relax, and let the magic of the West End musicals transport you to another world.

London’s West End is a must-see destination for anyone interested in musical theatre. With its rich history, stunning theatres, and world-class productions, it’s no wonder that the district has become a mecca for theatre lovers from around the world. So why not book your tickets today and experience the magic of the West End musicals for yourself?

Here is a video to find out more:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tgyHAo2Ivxw

Musicals Quiz

Choose the right answer!